|Description||Projector to play back moving images|
|Details||One film projector and two empty 8mm |
|Dimensions||Projector: 20 x 10 x 26 cm |
Film roll diameter: 7.25 cm, 12.5 cm
|Location||UCL Cabinet of Obsolete Media|
The Super8 projector 614D is a silent projector for 8mm films developed in the 1970s by Eumig (Elektrizität und Metallwaren Industrie Ges.mbH), an Austrian private company founded in 1919 that ended its activity in 1981. Eumig, considered one of the largest manufacturing companies on an international scale, specialises in the production of high-quality film cameras and projectors.
Since the first appearance of its predecessor, the 610D, this type of film projector has set new standards on the market. Despite being quite compact and of medium dimensions, the 614D projector allows for a wide range of functionalities that contribute to its success within and outside the art field. On the main body of the projector are distributed four buttons, each of which satisfies a different purpose. Starting from the top, the slow motion knob sets the format of the film. Possibilities include zero, six, nine or eighteen frames per second, thus changing the rate of consecutive images on the screen, for which zero stands for still projection. Directly under the format option, the film format selector has two options: standard film or Super8 film. When the selector lever is positioned upward, the standard film is set, and an amber indicator light turns on. On the contrary, when the selector lever is pushed downward, the Super8 film format is set, and a blue indicator light turns on. However, to complete the switch to a Super8 film gauge, the sleeve must be positioned on the reel shaft of the mobile reel arm to support the format. Elsewhere, the focusing knob regulates the focus and sharpness of the projected image, which is adjusted by rotating the knob accordingly, until it reaches the optimal focus. Lastly comes the function switch, which starts the projection either in forward or reverse.
When the time comes to start a projection, the selector switch must be turned to the threading position, namely the first arrow turning to the right. After this, the film leader can be positioned into the threading slot so that the mechanism can take and elaborate it automatically. Finally, the selector switch must be moved to the second arrow on the right, so that the projection can start, as the lens is already preheated. Once the film finishes, two options of rewind, through the film channel or directly reel-to-reel, are possible. On the first instance, the selector switch must be turned right again to the reverse arrow that opens the lens carrier to do not obstruct the film channel. The second option, on the contrary, does not pass through the body of the projector. In this case, the film must be attached to the reel at the front, and then the rotary selector switch must be turned to rapid rewind, as already seen.
What remains of Eumig today, apart from the quality of their products, is a vast series of technologies that shaped the course of different disciplines, of which the history of art and art practice are two important ones.
Eumig, ‘History in General’, https://eumig.at/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55&Itemid=175
Eumig, ‘Instructions for Use 624D/614D’ (1973), https://docslide.net/documents/eumig-624d614d-instruction-manual.html
Eumig, ‘Products General’, https://eumig.at/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=103&Itemid=195